Children’s exposure to violence and crime declined between 2003 and 2011.
Rates of violent crime have declined in the United States since the 1990s. The authors previously completed three national telephone surveys of children and caregivers on children’s exposure to violence in 2003, 2008 and 2011.
In this study, the authors analyzed the surveys for changes over time from 2003 to 2011.
The authors examined 50 specific trends in exposures to violence and crime and found 27 significant declines and no significant increases between 2003 and 2011. There were declines in assaults involving weapons or injuries and assaults by peers and siblings.
Physical and emotional victimization (bullying) also declined, as did sexual victimization. Researchers also identified declines in exposure to violence and also no increases during the recession years of 2008 to 2011.
Researchers speculate about the causes for the declines, including the growing use of psychiatric medication among youth and adults and the increased use of electronic technology so young people have less face-to-face social contact where violence and assaults may occur.
“The overarching epidemiologic picture seems to show substantial drops in violence and abuse exposure during the 1990s, with continuing declines during the 2000s that have not been reversed by the economic adversities of the 2008 recession. These declines have occurred for many kinds of exposure, including assault, bullying, sexual assault, property crime, and witnessing violence.”