PsyPost http://www.psypost.org Behavior, cognition and society Fri, 28 Aug 2015 01:26:55 +0000 en-US hourly 1 http://wordpress.org/?v=4.2.4 How understanding the prisoner’s dilemma can help bridge liberal and conservative differences http://www.psypost.org/2015/08/how-understanding-the-prisoners-dilemma-can-help-bridge-liberal-and-conservative-differences-37121 http://www.psypost.org/2015/08/how-understanding-the-prisoners-dilemma-can-help-bridge-liberal-and-conservative-differences-37121#comments Fri, 28 Aug 2015 01:26:55 +0000 http://www.psypost.org/?p=37121 In my social psychology class, I pose an extra credit question where students choose between having two points or six points added onto their final term paper grade, with the stipulation that if more than 10% of the class chooses six points, no one gets any points. This exercise is a classroom demonstration of the [...]

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Study finds some psychopaths have enhanced recognition of others’ emotions http://www.psypost.org/2015/08/study-finds-some-psychopaths-have-enhanced-recognition-of-others-emotions-37116 http://www.psypost.org/2015/08/study-finds-some-psychopaths-have-enhanced-recognition-of-others-emotions-37116#comments Fri, 28 Aug 2015 01:22:48 +0000 http://www.psypost.org/?p=37116 Recent research published in the Scandinavian Journal of Psychology suggests that all psychopaths may not be created equal when it comes to recognizing emotions in others. The study, which targeted 92 Norwegian prisoners, was comprised of three assessments: a self-report survey of psychopathy, a clinical assessment of psychopathy, and a task assessing emotional recognition, also [...]

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How the mind sharpens the senses: Study finds Zen meditation improves sense of touch http://www.psypost.org/2015/08/how-the-mind-sharpens-the-senses-study-finds-zen-meditation-improves-sense-of-touch-37113 http://www.psypost.org/2015/08/how-the-mind-sharpens-the-senses-study-finds-zen-meditation-improves-sense-of-touch-37113#comments Fri, 28 Aug 2015 01:13:39 +0000 http://www.psypost.org/?p=37113 A study conducted with experienced scholars of Zen-Meditation shows that mental focussing can induce learning mechanisms, similar to physical training. Researchers at the Ruhr-University Bochum and the Ludwig-Maximilians-University M√ľnchen discovered this phenomenon during a scientifically monitored meditation retreat. The journal Scientific Reports, from the makers of Nature, has now published their new findings on the [...]

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Differences in brain structure and memory suggest adolescents may not ‘grow out of’ ADHD http://www.psypost.org/2015/08/differences-in-brain-structure-and-memory-suggest-adolescents-may-not-grow-out-of-adhd-37111 http://www.psypost.org/2015/08/differences-in-brain-structure-and-memory-suggest-adolescents-may-not-grow-out-of-adhd-37111#comments Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:21:35 +0000 http://www.psypost.org/?p=37111 Young adults diagnosed with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adolescence show differences in brain structure and perform poorly in memory tests compared to their peers, according to new research from the University of Cambridge, UK, and the University of Oulu, Finland. The findings, published today in the journal European Child Adolescent Psychiatry, suggest that aspects [...]

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Difficulty making good choices is one of the factors that make certain people vulnerable to suicide http://www.psypost.org/2015/08/difficulty-making-good-choices-is-one-of-the-factors-that-make-certain-people-vulnerable-to-suicide-37109 http://www.psypost.org/2015/08/difficulty-making-good-choices-is-one-of-the-factors-that-make-certain-people-vulnerable-to-suicide-37109#comments Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:18:28 +0000 http://www.psypost.org/?p=37109 Not even close to every person who faces challenges or lives with severe depression commits suicide. Some people are more vulnerable than others. A series of studies has shown that the way in which a person makes decisions is among the main factors that determines whether that person is protected from or vulnerable to suicide. [...]

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To get girls more interested in computer science, make classrooms less ‘geeky’ http://www.psypost.org/2015/08/to-get-girls-more-interested-in-computer-science-make-classrooms-less-geeky-37106 http://www.psypost.org/2015/08/to-get-girls-more-interested-in-computer-science-make-classrooms-less-geeky-37106#comments Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:15:10 +0000 http://www.psypost.org/?p=37106 Women lag behind men in the lucrative computer science and technology industries, and one of the possible contributors to this disparity is that they’re less likely to enroll in introductory computer science courses. A new study of 270 high school students shows that three times as many girls were interested in enrolling in a computer [...]

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‘Brainbow’ reveals surprising data about visual connections in brain http://www.psypost.org/2015/08/brainbow-reveals-surprising-data-about-visual-connections-in-brain-37103 http://www.psypost.org/2015/08/brainbow-reveals-surprising-data-about-visual-connections-in-brain-37103#comments Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:13:19 +0000 http://www.psypost.org/?p=37103 Neuroscientists know that some connections in the brain are pruned through neural development. Function gives rise to structure, according to the textbooks. But scientists at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute have discovered that the textbooks might be wrong. Their results were published today in Cell Reports. “Retinal neurons associated with vision generate connections in [...]

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Four-day school week can improve academic performance, study finds http://www.psypost.org/2015/08/four-day-school-week-can-improve-academic-performance-study-finds-37100 http://www.psypost.org/2015/08/four-day-school-week-can-improve-academic-performance-study-finds-37100#comments Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:11:29 +0000 http://www.psypost.org/?p=37100 Shortening the school week to four days has a positive impact on elementary school students’ academic performance in mathematics, according to researchers at Georgia State University and Montana State University. The study, published in the journal¬†Education, Finance and Policy in July, analyzed the impact of a four-day school week on student achievement by comparing fourth-grade [...]

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Degenerating neurons respond to gene therapy treatment for Alzheimer’s disease http://www.psypost.org/2015/08/degenerating-neurons-respond-to-gene-therapy-treatment-for-alzheimers-disease-37097 http://www.psypost.org/2015/08/degenerating-neurons-respond-to-gene-therapy-treatment-for-alzheimers-disease-37097#comments Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:07:47 +0000 http://www.psypost.org/?p=37097 Degenerating neurons in patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) measurably responded to an experimental gene therapy in which nerve growth factor (NGF) was injected into their brains, report researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine in the current issue of JAMA Neurology. The affected neurons displayed heightened growth, axonal sprouting and activation of [...]

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Alzheimer’s disease thought to be accelerated by an abnormal build-up of fat in the brain http://www.psypost.org/2015/08/alzheimers-disease-thought-to-be-accelerated-by-an-abnormal-build-up-of-fat-in-the-brain-37095 http://www.psypost.org/2015/08/alzheimers-disease-thought-to-be-accelerated-by-an-abnormal-build-up-of-fat-in-the-brain-37095#comments Thu, 27 Aug 2015 20:35:31 +0000 http://www.psypost.org/?p=37095 People with Alzheimer’s disease have fat deposits in the brain. For the first time since the disease was described 109 years ago, researchers affiliated with the University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre (CRCHUM) have discovered accumulations of fat droplets in the brain of patients who died from the disease and have identified the nature of [...]

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