The latest news about mental health, psychiatry, and abnormal psychology research
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Addiction and bipolar disorder are commonly co-occurring disorders, with up to 60% of individuals with bipolar disorder experiencing some form of substance abuse in their lifetime. While it is known that genetic factors contribute substantially to the likelihood of developing either illness, new studies suggest shared genetic roots for both disorders.
A major study of people at risk for stroke showed that two medical procedures designed to prevent future strokes are safe and effective overall. Physicians will now have more options in tailoring treatments for their patients at risk for stroke.
A comprehensive behavioral therapy is more effective than basic supportive therapy and education in helping children with Tourette syndrome manage their tics, according to a study funded by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). The study was published May 19, 2010, in a special issue of the Journal of the American Medication Association dedicated to mental health.
A family-based prevention program designed to help adolescents avoid substance use and other risky behavior proved especially effective for a group of young teens with a genetic risk factor contributing toward such behavior, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Georgia. The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) and the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), components of the National Institutes of Health, supported the study, which appears in the May/June issue of Child Development.
Washing your hands “wipes the slate clean,” removing doubts about recent choices. That’s the key finding of a University of Michigan study published in the May 7th issue of Science.
In a new study, researchers scoured the genomes of several identical twin pairs, in which one twin had developed multiple sclerosis (MS) while the other did not. The researchers were searching for any genetic differences that could explain the twins’ different fates.
Scientists have developed a brain implant that essentially melts into place, snugly fitting to the brain’s surface. The technology could pave the way for better devices to monitor and control seizures, and to transmit signals from the brain past damaged parts of the spinal cord.
Some of the same brain mechanisms that fuel drug addiction in humans accompany the emergence of compulsive eating behaviors and the development of obesity in animals, according to research funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), a component of the National Institutes of Health.
The problematic use of mobile phones is associated with addictive personality traits, according to a study published in CyberPsychology & Behavior.
Investigators have found that a state-of-the-art brain imaging method may be useful for detecting and monitoring mild traumatic brain injury, a controversial diagnosis that is based largely on a patient’s subjective experience.
Chronic use of ketamine can lead to cognitive impairments, according to a study published in the journal Addiction.
According to a study published in September of 2009 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society (JAGS), Hatha yoga can reduce the forward curvature of the spine in seniors with adult-onset hyperkyphosis.
Among the myriad of “alternative therapies” that have sprung up, Hatha yoga stands out as one of the most effective and practical. Not only is Hatha yoga an affordable alternative to expensive pain medications, but by using Hatha yoga to manage back pain the side effects of pain medications, including possible addictions, can be avoided.
In 2009, The American Journal of Family Therapy published research that investigated the relationship between family functioning and adolescent addiction. The research was conducted by Mimma Tafa and Roberto Baiocoo, both psychologists from the University of Rome.
Researchers have identified a key epigenetic mechanism in the brain that helps explain cocaine’s addictiveness, according to research funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), part of the National Institutes of Health.